History of the Web’s Most Popular CMS – WordPress
WordPress. You’ve probably heard the name, especially if you’ve delved into the world of website creation. Today, it’s synonymous with website building and blogging. But how did it reach its current prominence? Let’s delve into the fascinating history of WordPress, the world’s most popular content management system (CMS).
Humble Beginnings (2001-2003)
Our journey begins in 2001 with the blogging software known as “b2/cafelog,” or simply “b2,” developed by Michel Valdrighi. This was a time before CMSes dominated the web, and b2 represented a pioneer of open-source blogging platforms. Unfortunately, b2’s development stalled in 2002 due to Valdrighi’s unavailability, leaving its community in a lurch.
In 2003, two web enthusiasts, Matt Mullenweg and Mike Little, decided to build upon b2’s foundations. Their objective was to create an elegant and well-architected personal publishing system, leading to the birth of WordPress. The first version, WordPress 0.7, was released on May 27, 2003, and it maintained b2’s GPL license, keeping it free and open source.
A Time of Growth (2004-2005)
2004 marked the first significant update, with WordPress 1.2 “Mingus” introducing plugins. This allowed developers worldwide to extend WordPress’s functionality, pushing the boundaries of what could be achieved with a CMS.
2005 saw the debut of themes and pages with WordPress 1.5 “Strayhorn,” offering users the ability to easily customize their sites’ look and feel. This year also brought the inaugural WordCamp, a community-organized event focusing on everything WordPress.
Expanding the Ecosystem (2006-2010)
By 2006, WordPress was growing at an unprecedented rate. Automattic, a company founded by Mullenweg, filed trademarks for WordPress and the WordPress logo. 2007 marked another major milestone with the launch of BuddyPress, a suite of components that can transform a website into a social network.
2008 brought WordPress 2.5 “Brecker,” a significant update featuring a redesigned interface and improved speed. The next year, WordPress MU merged with WordPress, enabling the management of multiple sites from a single WordPress installation.
In 2010, a significant event occurred: WordPress’s parent company, Automattic, transferred ownership of the WordPress trademark and logo to the WordPress Foundation, ensuring that WordPress would continue to flourish in the public domain.
The Decade of Dominance (2011-2021)
The 2011 release of WordPress 3.2 “Gershwin” dropped support for older versions of PHP and MySQL, promoting higher industry standards. WordPress 3.3 “Sonny,” released the same year, featured a new drag-and-drop uploader and improved co-editing support.
WordPress 3.8 “Parker,” released in 2013, introduced a modern new design, and 2014’s WordPress 3.9 “Smith” further refined the visual editing experience.
The year 2015 ushered in WordPress 4.1 “Dinah,” featuring a new default theme and an improved distraction-free writing mode. Later, WordPress 4.4 “Clifford” brought responsive images and significant improvements to embeds.
In 2016, the REST API was integrated into WordPress 4.7 “Vaughan,” making it a fully-fledged application framework.
WordPress 5.0 “Bebo,” introduced in 2018, marked a monumental shift in the platform’s direction. It unveiled the block editor, known as Gutenberg, representing a new way for users to create and customize their content.
The most recent major update as of writing, WordPress 5.7 “Esperanza,” was released in March 2021, offering users streamlined editing, an easier update process for major versions, and an inbuilt robots.txt file.
The Future of WordPress
From its humble beginnings as a blogging platform to its evolution as the most popular CMS globally, WordPress’s history is a testament to the power of open-source software and a dedicated community. As it continues to grow and evolve, it’s exciting to speculate on what the future holds for WordPress.
Indeed, the journey of WordPress is far from over. With over 40% of the web powered by WordPress at the time of writing, the open-source project continues to influence how we experience the internet. The story of WordPress is one of continual evolution, driven by a vibrant community of contributors. It’s a history that underpins much of our modern web, and it’s a future that promises continued innovation.